Information up to December 2013 can be found on the EHESS web page.
The French economist Serge Kolm laid the foundations of Normative Economics, with the analysis and measurement of inequalities, the basic principles of distributive justice, and the theories of altruistic and deontic giving, of the efficient alleviation of poverty, and of reciprocity. Serge Kolm also provided the bases of Public Economics for public and mixed goods, mass services, their financing and optimization, applications to the environment and redistribution, optimum public prices and taxes, and the theory of second-best for « value constraints » involving budgets structures and prices. Kolm applied his results to public and cooperative policies, to international economics, and to the management of economic systems and transitions. These works develop in some fifty books and several hundred scientific articles.